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Public Debate on Production Agriculture — What are the trade-offs on the decisions we make?

August 15, 2019 Industry News ASA
By Jackie Atkins, Ph.D., Director of Science and Education As I write this article, I am in the middle of a flurry of summer conferences where the animal science and beef cattle communities gather to share new findings, new innovations, and a highlight of…

EPD Movement:Change is Inevitable

August 06, 2019 EPDs ASA
Editors’ note: During the April board meeting, the Board of Trustees passed a directive to add possible change to the main animal page in Herdbook. Wade Shafer, Ph.D. This tenet certainly holds true when it comes to genetic evaluation. By now, all of us are…

Possible Change (PC) Coming to Herdbook in August

 

EPDs are the fastest way to make genetic progress in any given trait.  An important metric reported with the EPD is the BIF accuracy. The accuracy gives an estimate of the predictability of the EPD reported.  EPDs with lower accuracy have less information associated with that number and may be more likely to move as additional information (phenotypes and genotypes) are submitted for that animal or its relatives. A more intuitive number to talk about is possible change (PC) or confidence interval.  The PC gives a range within which the EPD will land two-thirds of the time. As more information is known about that EPD, the BIF accuracy will increase and the PC will decrease (a smaller range of potential movement in the future).

Here is how it works.  

An EPD +/- one PC unit tells you a range within which the animal’s EPD will land 2 out of 3 times.  You can take this further. An EPD +/- two PC units tells you a range within which the animal’s true EPD will land 95% of the time. And even further.  An EPD +/- three PC units tells you a range within which the animal’s EPD will land 99% of the time.

For example, if a bull has a Calving Ease EPD of 12.0 and a PC of 3.0, the following is true. 

  • ⅔ of the time, the bull’s CE EPD will land between 9.0 and 15.0 (12.0 +/- 3.0).  This also means ⅓ of the time the bull’s CE EPD will land either below 9.0 or above 15.0.  
  • 95% of the time, the bull’s CE EPD will land between 6.0 and 18.0 (12.0 +/- 6.0).  5 out of 100 bulls will land outside that range.
  • 99% of the time, the bull’s CE EPD will land between 3.0 and 21.0 (12.0 +/- 9.0). 1 out of 100 bulls will land outside this range. 

“Accuracy, particularly BIF accuracy, is commonly misunderstood and thus misused by beef producers and allied industry. A much more useful metric to gauge the potential of an animal’s EPD to change with additional information is possible change. Possible change values can be used to provide a degree of confidence that an animal’s true EPD is within a given range and thus enable a producer to consider the risk associated with purchasing a bull or semen whose true EPD might fall outside of a desired range.” - Matt Spangler, Ph.D., Professor University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The ASA Board of Trustees recently passed a directive to add PC to the main animal page on Herdbook.  In August, PC will be added to the main animal page directly beneath the EPD/Index row. For the time being, BIF accuracy will still be published on the main animal page.

 

 




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